Congresswoman Zoila Volio will try to get her initiative to regulate the medical cannabis and industrial hemp industry approved in the coming months.

The file 21,315 known as the Law on the Production of Cannabis and Hemp for Medicinal Purposes  has just been assigned to the Environment Commission composed of  Paola Vega (PAC), Paola Valladares (PLN), José María Villa Karine Niño (PLN), Luis Fernando Chacón (PLN), Giovanni Gómez (PRC), Mario Castillo (PAC) and Mileidy Alvarado (PRN) and Erwen Masís (PUSC).

"This afternoon the Committee on the Environment was created, where file No. 21.388 is currently being discussed for the industrial production of hemp and medicinal cannabis. I trust the work of the fellow members, now that they will be resuming sessions, so that this important project is finally being promoted." said Volio, through social networks.

Villalta's office recently presented a replacement text, with improvements to the original project. Volio stated that"the base text is the current one, but the replacement presents an improved proposal, which we hope will be approved in the Committee on the Environment".

Proyecto 21.388 debe ir completo

Costa Rica necesita el #Proyecto21388 completo, no amputado. El cáñamo y el cannabis medicinal deben ir juntos.

Posted by Zoila Rosa Volio Diputada 2018-2022 on Tuesday, May 12, 2020

This "substitute text" would give smallholder farmers the opportunity to develop crops with access to programs such as Development Banking, as well as incentives for organic farming.

In the medicinal field, patients could access cannabinoid-based drugs through the national health system or opt for domestic cultivation.

Zolio has pointed out  the need to generate new crops that modernize the Costa Rican agricultural industry. For her, not only hemp must be boosted, but also the production of medicinal cannabis.

The President of the Republic, Carlos Alvarado, announced on May 4 that his government would promote the cultivation of hemp as the aim of modernizing the productive sector.

Foto: Semanario Universidad.

Read also:

Cannabis law plans to incentive organic farming, licensing, and access to credits for small producers

MAY 20, 2020

Cannabis law plans to incentive organic farming, licensing, and access to credits for small producers

63% of Argentines are in favor of legalization according to a study published this week.

The survey conducted by Kantar, a company dedicated to the analysis of consumer data and behaviour, reflects that perception of cannabis has changed dramatically in recent years.

The report indicates that women's opinion is the most favorable.

"Women are more open than men and are the ones leading the change. (67% vs. 58% in men), says the report.

The data responds to January this year, when 1000 people were made. In addition to 63% in favor, it exists at 16% against and 21% without any positioning.

Citizen perception

A large majority of Argentines are looking for the state regulation. 4 out of 10 believes this is the formula for hitting organized crime and thus reducing violence.

The great movement in support of mom’s growing for their ill children,  who help patients or practice self-cultivation have been successful in showing the welfare face that the plant offers.

"When they think about future and possible uses of cannabis, 8 out of 10 Argentines associate it with the universe of health (physical and emotional relief)."

This change reflects a new way of thinking of Argentine society whose process in the liberation of this thought has led to imprisonment and attacks of the state against its citizens.

"In general, the change in perception about cannabis coexists with the  growth of naturist and holistic currents linked to health, concern for the environment and the rise of certain mindfulness practices; that enable new forms of physical and mental health treatment."

Read the report:

Photo: Gio Bartlet.

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The new text of the Bill 21,315 known as the Law on the Production of Cannabis and Hemp for Medicinal Purposes would give legal certainty to the personal cultivation for self-consumption and for therapeutic purposes.

The new text was worked by the Deputy of the Frente Amplio, José María Villalta and seeks to improve the proposal presented in march 2019 by the independent Deputy Zoila Volio.

Thanks to citizen pressure, self-cultivation or home cultivation was included for the first time as one of the fundamental pillars of a law that aims to legalize the industry to innovation and economic reactivation.

The President of the Republic, Carlos Alvarado, announced on May 4 that the government intends to support the cultivation of hemp, which has brought congresswoman Volio Deputy's project back to the national discussion.

Here's what the substitute text says:

Article 24.- Accreditation of patient status. The medical condition of the patient person to which, for the improvement of his health, the treatment of a disease or the relief of his symptoms, is authorized the use of psychoactive cannabis for medical or therapeutic use must be accredited by the professional person in medicine in charge of his treatment. For this purpose, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund or the health centre concerned shall issue a license allowing public authorities to identify the patient person, in accordance with the technical specifications to be issued by the Ministry of Health.

Article 25.- Cultivation for self-consumption of patients. Persons accredited as patients in accordance with the provisions of the previous article and who have the respective prescription of the professional person in medicine in charge of their treatment, are authorized to carry out the domestic cultivation of a limited number of psychoactive cannabis plants, to be used, solely and exclusively, in the treatment of the patient person for medical or therapeutic purposes.

Domestic cultivation may also be carried out by a family person of legal age in charge of the care of the patient, when he is in a terminal state or has a disability that prevents them from carrying out such activity on their own.

The domestic cultivation of psychoactive cannabis plants for self-consumption and exclusive use of patients, for the prevention and treatment of diseases and the relief of their symptoms, after a prescription from the respective treating physician and under his supervision.

Controversy over home cultivation

The conditions for the development of medicinal cannabis and hemp that are developed in the first bill would be difficult applicable to Costa Rican reality and impossible to the success of the industry at the national level, as confirmed by different experts to MCN.

The most important structural muscle on the subject was also excluded: growing patients.

"With an adequate regulation of medical cannabis we will be able to guarantee the drug to any patient who needs it, to energize and diversify the small agricultural production, as well as generate new resources for public health programs", said Villalta who also assured that the substitute text has been worked together with both firms.

Other changes in the substitute text relate to the inclusion of small producers, access to credits and technical advice, as well as the strengthening of public health programs.

The future of the text will be defined in the coming days when the President of the Legislative Assembly, Eduardo Cruickshank, assigns the operation of the Committee on the Environment which discusses this issue.

Photo Credit. Gio Bartlet.

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Editor's Note: Welcome to MCNGrowing101.

We know you want to start growing for multiple reasons, but maybe you don't know where to start. That's why, we decided to embark on this adventure that we'll call #MCNGrowing101. Our readers will be able to find in this section the best farming techniques with the best growers in the community.

Our first columnist is our great friend and grower MadScientist. Loved by some, hated by others; Sci wants to share with all of you everything he has learned in over 25 years of growing.

"The main thing in the end is to have fun, grow as people and as a community, and please don't sell flowers or finished product.  Learn how to cultivate to hit drug trafficking, not our freedom."

Without further ado, let's go to what we came here:

When we start our cultivation, always the eternal question. Do I start with seeds or clones?

Let's review the differences between one method and another, as it cannot be said that there is superiority between either of the two.


The seeds have root tip, which travels with gravity and extends its branches along the pot. Another important variable is germination. Safely stored the viability of a cannabis seed should be between 5 and 10 years, sometimes up to more.

Extra help is sometimes required to help the seed burst and begin its hydrolyzing process. Apart from the ripening of the harvests and the maturation process of the trichomes is like a pandora's box.

It takes a lot of skill, especially when growing different strains   simultaneously, correcting uniformity and protecting from excesses and deficiencies is almost like juggling the needs apart from each crop.  

You never know what is going to happen. Most people who grow always from seeds are looking for a "jewel" among the genetic pool  of their recent acquisitions, which, in many cases, new trends of crosses and the "hype" makes us keep looking for more and more, buying seeds for many  growers  is addictive.


Clones, by definition, are a plant that contains the genetic material identical to that of the mother plant. Our grandmothers called them "little children."

The clones lack root tip which affects their vertical growth to some extent, but the fact of coming from a mother plant that in most cases is sexually ready to flower, the clones can even start at 12/12.

Clones are usually received from "reliable" sources and with genetics and verified results, because of the consistency that exists in each cut with respect to their mother. They are easier to grow, and are very predictable, which makes them reliable.

The biggest problem with clones is pests. We must always quarantine the clones we receive, no matter who it is. Pathogens and viruses, in addition to the pests that come in clones, could ruin your garden.

But at the same time after a couple of cycles of running the same genetics, you should be able to mix the nutrients with your eyes closed, or in our case, even without meters... Not that I recommend it, the acute measurement of both particles per million (ppms) and pH are of extreme importance.


It depends on our need, so the resources that we can exhaust for our cultivation. Clones are generally used commercially for their proven performance, ease and reliability. Clones are free, if you have good friends. Or good genetics and you make a mother plant.

Seeds are expensive, especially feminized, and/or automatic, but we can be very surprised, unlike clones, which will always be the same.

The main thing in the end is to have fun, grow as people and as a community, and please do not sell flowers or finished product.  Learn how to grow to hit drug trafficking, not our freedom.

Ministerio de Seguridad de Argentina autorizó el primer establecimiento dedicado a cultivar cannabis medicinal con fines científicos, de investigación y terapéuticos.

El centro funcionará en Jujuy donde el gobernador Gerardo Morales ya había propuesto una iniciativa en esa dirección. La medida fue publicada la semana pasada en un boletín oficial haciendo a la provincia de Jujuy la primera en el país en adoptar una medida de vanguardia en el campo de la medicina.

“A partir de un exhaustivo análisis técnico realizado por especialista de la fuerza federal se concluyó que el establecimiento contaba con las normas de seguridad necesarias y cumplia con la pautas legales impuestas a nivel nacional y provincial”.

El cultivo se realizará a campo abierto en un territorio del Estado y podría ser de 5 a 15 hectáreas. Con ello buscan medir la adaptación de la planta al suelo, el agua y las condiciones climáticas.

Según dijeron a la prensa local, la producción de aceite podría empezar entre agosto y noviembre del año en curso.

Lado B

Para lograr este “hito”, como lo califica el gobernador Gerardo Morales, se creó una empresa llamada Cannabis Avatara que empezará el trabajo en colaboración con la firma estadounidense Green Leaf Farms International.

Sin embargo, la noticia ha generado ruido en la comunidad ya que el hijo del gobernador, Gastón Morales es el presidente de la firma.

Las acusaciones sobre nepotismo no se hicieron esperar especialmente por el encarcelamiento de Iván Malajovich, un activista de la zona que enseñaba a los enfermos a producir medicina.

Pero las conexiones entre ambas cuestiones no están claras y pudiera obedecer más bien a la ley que permite el uso de cannabis medicinal en  aprobada en abril de 2017 que autoriza la producción estatal y no una persecución orquestada ya que la ley no autoriza el cultivo personal.

Hasta la fecha, países como México Chile, Perú, Ecuador, Colombia, Brasil, Uruguay y Puerto Rico han habilitado la producción con fines medicinales. En Centroamérica, Costa Rica no penaliza el uso medicinal, pero aún no ha habilitado la venta ni la producción local.

Foto: Infobae


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Era de legalización: California

California: el mercado de cannabis más grande del mundo espera generar $4-5 mil millones de dólares en 2018. Mira cómo lo están logrando:

Posted by Medical Cannabis News Costa Rica on Wednesday, July 4, 2018

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